AMPRNet

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The AMPRNet (AMateur Packet Radio Network) is an effort by amateur radio operators to build a computer network connected over amateur radio. Other names for the network include IPv4 Network 44/8 and Network 44.

Amateur radio already used TCP/IP on packet radio network, long before the appearance of the public Internet. The class A 44 netblock of 16.7 Million IP addresses was set aside for amateur radio users worldwide, having been secured in the 1970s by Hank Magnuski, when the internet was in its infancy.

The AMPRNet is connected by links over amateur packet radio. Due to the bandwidth limitations of the radio spectrum, links are usually restricted to a maximum of 9600 baud and are commonly 1200 baud and on occasion as low as 300 baud. The AMPRNet fully supports TCP/IP allowing for support of FTP, Telnet, Ping, Finger and Http. Recently the AMPRNet has gained radio link speeds upwards of 108 Mbit/s using HSMM.

Currently the AMPRNet is composed of a series of subnets throughout the world. Many subnets are also connected via tunnels over the Internet. Portions of the network have radio links to adjacent nodes, while others are completely isolated.

Geographically dispersed radio subnets are meshed together using an IP tunnel at sites with Internet connectivity. In general, these sites also have a tunnel to a central site at UCSD through the host mirrorshades.ucsd.edu which offers a route between the 44/8 network and the rest of the Internet. In countries where permitted by the relevant regulatory authority, amateur radio operators are able to access resources on the Internet.

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[edit] Address administration

The Internet protocol (IP) addresses in this block are in the 44.0.0.0/8 network and are available to any licensed amateur radio operator. The assigning of addresses is done by volunteer coordinators. These addresses are routable over the Internet.

[edit] 44.128.0.0/16

44.128.x.x is the testing subnet and consists of 65,536 (216) addresses. Much akin to 10.0.0.0/8, 172.16.0.0/12, 169.254.0.0/16 or 192.168.0.0/16, this is an unroutable private IP block. Connectivity to the rest of the network should be given behind gateways much as one would do with Network address translation with any other private IP block.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

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