Instalasi OpenVPN

From SpeedyWiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

[edit] Install openvpn

Install openvpn di Ubuntu

apt-get install openvpn
cp -Rf /usr/share/doc/openvpn/examples/easy-rsa/* /etc/openvpn/

Pada Ubuntu 8.10 akan di terlihat folder

/etc/openvpn/1.0
/etc/openvpn/2.0

Mungkin ada baiknya untuk pengguna Ubuntu 8.10, 9.04, 9.10 untuk memilih kita akan menggunakan konfigurasi 1.0 atau 2.0 dengan cara mengcopy

cp -Rf /etc/openvpn/2.0/* /etc/openvpn

Alternatif lain yang lebih susah, compile openvpn dari source code

cp openvpn-2.0.9.tar.gz /usr/local/src
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf openvpn-2.0.9.tar.gz
cd openvpn-2.0.9
./configure
make
make install

Anda tidak perlu mengcompile dari source code, jika sudah menginstalasi openvpn menggunakan apt-get install


Edit file vars di /etc/openvpn

# cd /etc/openvpn/
# vi vars
     #this is to ensure secure data
     export KEY_SIZE=1024
     # These are the default values for fields
     # which will be placed in the certificate.
     # Don't leave any of these fields blank.
     export KEY_COUNTRY=ID
     export KEY_PROVINCE=DKI
     export KEY_CITY=Jakarta
     export KEY_ORG="Kerm.IT"
     export KEY_EMAIL="onno@indo.net.id"

[edit] Membuat Certificate Authority (CA)

cd /etc/openvpn/
. ./vars
./clean-all
./build-ca
       Country Name (2 letter code) [ID]:
       State or Province Name (full name) [DKI]:
       Locality Name (eg, city) [Jakarta]:
       Organization Name (eg, company) [Kerm.IT]:
       Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Kerm.IT
       Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:yc0mlc.ampr.org
       Email Address [onno@indo.net.id]:


Lihat keys apakah sudah di generate

ls -l /etc/openvpn/
ls -l /etc/openvpn/keys

Akan tampak file berikut

ca.crt
ca.key
index.txt
serial

[edit] Membuat Server Key

# ./build-key-server server
       Country Name (2 letter code) [ID]:
       State or Province Name (full name) [DKI]:
       Locality Name (eg, city) [Jakarta]:
       Organization Name (eg, company) [Kerm.IT]:
       Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Kerm.IT
       Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:yc0mlc.ampr.org
       Email Address [onno@indo.net.id]:
       Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
       to be sent with your certificate request
       A challenge password []:123456
       An optional company name []:Kerm.IT
       Using configuration from /etc/openvpn/openssl.cnf
       Check that the request matches the signature
       Signature ok
       The Subject's Distinguished Name is as follows
       countryName           :PRINTABLE:'ID'
       stateOrProvinceName   :PRINTABLE:'DKI'
       localityName          :PRINTABLE:'Jakarta'
       organizationName      :PRINTABLE:'Kerm.IT'
       organizationalUnitName:PRINTABLE:'Kerm.IT'
       commonName            :PRINTABLE:'yc0mlc.ampr.org'
       emailAddress          :IA5STRING:'onno@indo.net.id'
       Certificate is to be certified until Jan 13 03:34:36 2018 GMT (3650 days)
       Sign the certificate? [y/n]:y
       1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y
       Write out database with 1 new entries
       Data Base Updated

[edit] Buat Key User

Membuat key untuk user admin maupun user lainnya jika di perlukan

# ./build-key admin
       1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y
       Write out database with 1 new entries
       Data Base Updated

Buat key untuk user lain jika di perlukan

./build-key-pass username 
./build-key username 


Membuat DH Parameter dari key

./build-dh


# openvpn --genkey --secret keys/ta.key
# openvpn --genkey --secret keys/ca.key
# openvpn --genkey --secret keys/ta.key


[edit] Test key

Test key

# openvpn --genkey --secret key
# openvpn --test-crypto --secret key


[edit] Test sambungan di 2 windows

Test yang sangat berguna melihat sambungan OpenVPN dari dua (2) Windows.

cd /etc/openvpn
cp -Rf /usr/share/doc/openvpn/examples/sample-config-files/ /etc/openvpn/
cp -Rf /usr/share/doc/openvpn/examples/sample-keys/ /etc/openvpn/
openvpn --config sample-config-files/loopback-client
openvpn --config sample-config-files/loopback-server

Jika di perlukan kita dapat menginstalasi OpenVPN Administrator. Contoh menginstalasi OpenVPN-Admin

# apt-get install mono openvpn-admin

[edit] Edit Server.conf

# vi /etc/openvpn/server.conf

isinya kurang lebih

# OpenVPN Server config file
# Which local IP address should OpenVPN listen on? (optional)
local 192.168.0.3

# Which TCP/UDP port should OpenVPN listen on?
port 1194

# TCP or UDP server?
proto udp

# "dev tun" will create a routed IP tunnel, which is what we want
dev tun

# SSL/TLS root certificate (ca), certificate
# (cert), and private key (key). Each client
# and the server must have their own cert and
# key file. The server and all clients will
# use the same ca file.
ca keys/ca.crt
cert keys/server.crt
key keys/server.key # This file should be kept secret
# Diffie hellman parameters.
dh keys/dh1024.pem

# Configure server mode and supply a VPN subnet
server 192.168.111.0 255.255.255.0

# Maintain a record of client <-> virtual IP address
# associations in this file.
ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt

# Push routes to the client to allow it
# to reach other private subnets behind
# the server. Remember that these
# private subnets will also need
# to know to route the OpenVPN client
# address pool (10.8.0.0/255.255.255.0)
# back to the OpenVPN server.
# push âroute 172.10.1.0 255.255.255.0"
# push âroute 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0"
# If enabled, this directive will configure
# all clients to redirect their default
# network gateway through the VPN, causing
# all IP traffic such as web browsing and
# and DNS lookups to go through the VPN
; push "redirect-gateway"
# Certain Windows-specific network settings
# can be pushed to clients, such as DNS
# or WINS server addresses.
;push "dhcp-option DNS 172.10.1.2"
# Uncomment this directive to allow different
# clients to be able to âseeâ
client-to-client

# Ping every 10 seconds, assume that remote
# peer is down if no ping received during
# a 120 second time period.
keepalive 10 120

# For extra security beyond that provided
# by SSL/TLS, create an âHMAC firewallâ
# to help block DoS attacks and UDP port flooding.
; tls-auth keys/ta.key 0 # This file is secret
# Select a cryptographic cipher.
# This config item must be copied to
# the client config file as well.
;cipher BF-CBC # Blowfish (default)
;cipher AES-128-CBC # AES
;cipher DES-EDE3-CBC # Triple-DES

# Enable compression on the VPN link.
; comp-lzo

# The maximum number of concurrently connected
# clients we want to allow.
max-clients 250

# It's a good idea to reduce the OpenVPN
# daemonâs privileges after initialization.
user nobody
group nogroup

# The persist options will try to avoid
# accessing certain resources on restart
# that may no longer be accessible because
# of the privilege downgrade. 
persist-key
persist-tun

# Output a short status file showing
status openvpn-status.log
log-append openvpn.log

# Set the appropriate level of log
# file verbosity.
#
# 0 is silent, except for fatal errors
# 4 is reasonable for general usage
# 5 and 6 can help to debug connection problems
# 9 is extremely verbose
verb 4

# Silence repeating messages. At most 20
# sequential messages of the same message
# category will be output to the log.
mute 20

[edit] Cara menjalankan VPN Server

Mengaktifkan VPN Server dengan server.conf (from www.openvpn.org)

# openvpn --config /etc/openvpn/server.conf

[edit] Pranala Menarik

Personal tools