Membuat Repository Ubuntu Lokal menggunakan debmirror

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Repository adalah istilah dalam Linux yang kira-kira berarti tempat penyimpanan aplikasi Linux. Berbeda dengan Windows atau sistem operasi pada umumnya, di Linux sebagian besar aplikasi telah tertata rapih di repository dan kita dapat dengan mudah menggunakannya jika kita dapat mengakses repository tersebut.

Masalahnya, sebagian besar repository berada di Internet. Jika kita tidak mempunyai bandwidth yang cukup besar maka akan susah bagi kita untuk mengkutak katik Linux tersebut.

Pada kesempatan ini, akan di jelaskan cara untuk membuat repository agar berada di harddisk laptop kita. Dengan cara ini, maka bagi mereka yang tidak mempunyai akses ke Internet dapat tetap mengeksplorasi dengan menggunakan repository yang ada di harddisk.

Berikut adalah langkah membuat repository Ubuntu dari server,

  • id.archive.ubuntu.com
  • dl2.foss-id.web.id atau 125.160.17.22
  • kambing.ui.ac.id atau 152.118.24.30

ke Server lokal di LAN

Contents

[edit] Langkah Mendownload Repostory Menggunakan debmirror

Mendownload repository dapat dilakukan menggunakan debmirror. Aplkasi debmirror dapat di instalasi menggunakan perintah

apt-get install debmirror

Contoh di bawah adalah untuk repository Ubuntu 32 bit. Bagi anda yang ingin mendownload repository 64 bit, yang perlu di ubah hanya paramter

arch=i386

menjadi arsitektur 64 bit, yaitu:

arch=amd64

[edit] Membuat Repository di Web

  • Buat link statik antara download repository ke Web. Misalkan untuk repo-13.04
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-13.04 /var/www/ubuntu
  • Jika kita mempunyai banyak repository, kita dapat membuat sebagai berikut:
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu-9.10
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu-10.04
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu-10.10
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu-11.04
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu-11.10
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu-12.04
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu-12.10
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu-13.04
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-9.10 /var/www/ubuntu-9.10
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-10.04 /var/www/ubuntu-10.04
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-10.10 /var/www/ubuntu-10.10
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-11.04 /var/www/ubuntu-11.04
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-11.10 /var/www/ubuntu-11.10
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-12.04 /var/www/ubuntu-12.04
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-12.10 /var/www/ubuntu-12.10
# mount --bind /var/data/repository/repo-13.04 /var/www/ubuntu-13.04

Konfigurasi / isi file /etc/sources.list harus di ubah jika hal di atas di lakukan.

[edit] Cron supaya secara periodik di update

  • Edit Tabel cron
# crontab -e
  • Agar setiap jam 10 malam di update. Isi dengan kata-kata
0 22 * * * /usr/local/bin/mirrorbuild.sh


  • Aktifkan cron
# /etc/init.d/cron restart

[edit] Setup di Sisi Client untuk Lokal Folder

Edit

vi /etc/apt/sources.list.untuk-var-data-repo

[edit] Ubuntu 9.10

deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-9.10/ karmic main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-9.10/ karmic-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-9.10/ karmic-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-9.10/ karmic-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-9.10/ karmic-proposed main multiverse restricted universe

[edit] Ubuntu 10.4

deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.4/ lucid main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.4/ lucid-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.4/ lucid-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.4/ lucid-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.4/ lucid-proposed main multiverse restricted universe

[edit] Ubuntu 10.10

deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.10/ maverick main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.10/ maverick-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.10/ maverick-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.10/ maverick-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-10.10/ maverick-proposed main multiverse restricted universe

[edit] Ubuntu 11.04

deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.04/ natty main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.04/ natty-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.04/ natty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.04/ natty-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.04/ natty-updates main multiverse restricted universe

[edit] Ubuntu 11.10

deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.10/ oneiric main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.10/ oneiric-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.10/ oneiric-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.10/ oneiric-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-11.10/ oneiric-updates main multiverse restricted universe

[edit] Ubuntu 12.04

deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.04/ precise main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.04/ precise-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.04/ precise-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.04/ precise-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.04/ precise-updates main multiverse restricted universe

[edit] Ubuntu 12.10

deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.10/ quantal main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.10/ quantal-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.10/ quantal-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.10/ quantal-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-12.10/ quantal-updates main multiverse restricted universe

[edit] Ubuntu 13.04

deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-13.04/ raring main restricted universe multiverse 
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-13.04/ raring-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-13.04/ raring-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-13.04/ raring-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb file:///var/data/repository/repo-13.04/ raring-updates main multiverse restricted universe

[edit] Setup di sisi Client di Jaringan

  • Edit /etc/apt/sources.list dan isi sebagai berikut

[edit] Ubuntu 9.04

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu jaunty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu jaunty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu jaunty-security main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Ubuntu 9.10

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] ubuntu 10.04

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ lucid-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ lucid-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ lucid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ lucid-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Ubuntu 10.10

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ maverick main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ maverick-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ maverick-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ maverick-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ maverick-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Ubuntu 11.04

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ natty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ natty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ natty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ natty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ natty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Ubuntu 11.10

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ oneiric main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ oneiric-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ oneiric-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ oneiric-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ oneiric-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Ubuntu 12.04

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ precise main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ precise-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ precise-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Ubuntu 12.10

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ quantal main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ quantal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ quantal-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ quantal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ quantal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Ubuntu 13.04

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ raring main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ raring-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ raring-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ raring-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ raring-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Referensi

[edit] Pranala Menarik

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