SMEOnffLine: Repository Lokal Ubuntu

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Beberapa Asumsi:

Folder Repository   : /var/data/repo
GNUPGHOME           : /var/data/mirrorkeyring
Server Repository   : dl2.foss-id.web.id atau 125.160.17.22
User akses lokal    : Melalui Web di /var/www/ubuntu (http://192.168.0.254/ubuntu)


Contents

[edit] Copy Repository dari Teman

Sebaiknya sebelum melalukan sinkronisasi secara periodik di Internet. Copy Repository dari teman misalnya

mkdir /var/data/repo
cp /media/usbharddisk/repo/* /var/data/repo
chown -Rf nobody.nogroup /var/data/repo

[edit] Mengkonfigurasi debmirror

  • Install debmirror
# apt-get install debmirror
  • Buatlah folder untuk menempatkan repository, misalnya /home/media/repo-9.10
# mkdir /var/data/repo
  • Buatlah script mirror
# vi /usr/local/bin/mirrorbuild.sh
  • Masukan script berikut
#### Start script to automate building of Ubuntu mirror #####
## THE NEXT LINE IS NEEDED THE REST OF THE LINES STARTING WITH A # CAN BE DELETED

#!/bin/bash 

## Setting variables with explanations.

#
# Don't touch the user's keyring, have our own instead
#
export GNUPGHOME=/var/data/mirrorkeyring 

# Arch=         -a      # Architecture. For Ubuntu can be i386, powerpc or amd64.
# sparc, only starts in dapper, it is only the later models of sparc.
#
arch=i386

# Minimum Ubuntu system requires main, restricted
# Section=      -s      # Section (One of the following - main/restricted/universe/multiverse).
# You can add extra file with $Section/debian-installer. ex: main/debian-installer,universe/debian-installer,multiverse/debian-installer,restricted/debian-installer
#
section=main,restricted,universe,multiverse

# Release=      -d      # Release of the system (Dapper, Edgy, Feisty, Gutsy, Hardy, Intrepid), and the -updates and -security ( -backports can be  added if desired)
#
# release=jaunty,jaunty-security,jaunty-updates
# release=karmic
# release=karmic,karmic-security,karmic-updates
release=karmic,karmic-security,karmic-updates,karmic-backports,karmic-proposed

# Server=       -h      # Server name, minus the protocol and the path at the end
# CHANGE "*" to equal the mirror you want to create your mirror from. au. in Australia  ca. in Canada.
# This can be found in your own /etc/apt/sources.list file, assuming you have Ubuntu installed.
#
# server=opensource.telkomspeedy.com:5432
# server=dl2.foss-id.web.id
server=125.160.17.22

# Dir=          -r      # Path from the main server, so http://my.web.server/$dir, Server dependant
#
inPath=ubuntu

# Proto=        -e      # Protocol to use for transfer (http, ftp, hftp, rsync)
# Choose one - http is most usual the service, and the service must be avaialbe on the server you point at.
#
proto=http

# Outpath=              # Directory to store the mirror in
# Make this a full path to where you want to mirror the material.
#
outPath=/var/data/repo

# The --nosource option only downloads debs and not deb-src's
# The --progress option shows files as they are downloaded
# --source \ in the place of --no-source \ if you want sources also.
# --nocleanup  Do not clean up the local mirror after mirroring is complete. Use this option to keep older repository
# Start script
#
debmirror       -a $arch \
                --no-source \
                -s $section \
                -h $server \
                -d $release \
                -r $inPath \
                --progress \
                -e $proto \
                $outPath

#### End script to automate building of Ubuntu mirror ####                                                                                    


Simpan script jika sudah selesai di edit semua-nya.


  • Ubah ijin agar file mirrorbuild.sh dapat di jalankan
# chmod -Rf 777 /usr/local/bin/mirrorbuild.sh 
  • Ubah ijin dari folder mirror
# chown -Rf root.root /var/data/repo
# chmod -Rf 571 /var/data/repo
  • Buat folder untuk mirror keyring
# mkdir /var/data/mirrorkeyring
# gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring /var/data/mirrorkeyring/trustedkeys.gpg --import /usr/share/keyrings/ubuntu-archive-keyring.gpg
  • Jalankan mirrorbuild.sh
# mirrorbuild.sh
  • Sebelum bisa digunakan dengan baik, kadang kala kita perlu beberapa kali menjalankan perintah
# gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring /var/data/mirrorkeyring/trustedkeys.gpg --import /usr/share/keyrings/ubuntu-archive-keyring.gpg
# mirrorbuild.sh

[edit] Membuat Repository di Web

  • Buat link statik antara download repository ke Web
# mkdir /var/www/ubuntu
# mount --bind /var/data/repo /var/www/ubuntu

[edit] Cron supaya secara periodik di update

  • Edit Tabel cron
# crontab -e
  • Agar setiap jam 1 malam di update. Isi dengan kata-kata
0 1 * * * /usr/local/bin/mirrorbuild.sh


  • Aktifkan cron
# /etc/init.d/cron restart

[edit] Setup di sisi Client

  • Edit /etc/apt/sources.list dan isi sebagai berikut

Untuk 9.04

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu jaunty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu jaunty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu jaunty-security main restricted universe multiverse

Ubuntu 9.10

deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/ karmic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

[edit] Pranala Menarik

[edit] Pranala Menarik

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