VoIP: Penggunaan DAHDI

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From: http://www.voip-info.org/wiki/view/DAHDI

Short for "Digium Asterisk Hardware Device Interface"

Contents

[edit] The Change

DAHDI is the new name for 'Zaptel' as of May 19th 2008. The post at http://blogs.digium.com/2008/05/19/zaptel-project-being-renamed-to-dahdi/ details the reason for the change. Asterisk 1.4 releases later than 1.4.21, and all releases of Asterisk 1.6, will automatically use DAHDI in preference to Zaptel, even if Zaptel is still installed on the system.

Details should be available at http://www.asterisk.org/zaptel-to-dahdi

[edit] Subversion Release

svn co http://svn.digium.com/svn/dahdi/linux/trunk dahdi-kernel

and

svn co http://svn.digium.com/svn/dahdi/tools/trunk dahdi-tools

Or a shortcut (if you just want to get it working, not if you want to work on it). It pulls the above two through svn:externals .

http://svn.digium.com/svn/dahdi/linux-complete/trunk

[edit] Conversion from Zaptel

Digium resources regarding zaptel to dahdi migration http://www.asterisk.org/node/48481 /etc/zaptel.conf Becomes /etc/dahdi/system.conf /etc/asterisk/zapata.conf Becomes /etc/asterisk/chan_dahdi.conf


[edit] Configuration Files

/etc/dahdi/system.conf
/etc/asterisk/chan_dahdi.conf
/etc/dahdi/system.conf

[edit] Sample system.conf

Note that unlike zaptel.conf, you have to explicitly set the echo canceller for each channel.

There are a number of other configuration files under /etc/dahdi .

/etc/dahdi/init.conf

Replaces /etc/default/zaptel (on Debians) and /etc/sysconfig/zaptel (on most other systems) - this is a shell script snippet that is sourced by the dahdi init.d script. All values there are optional (no need to explicitly define TELEPHONY=no). The variable MODULES, however, is no longer read from it. IT is read from:

/etc/dahdi/modules

A list of modules to load. Replaces the variable MODULES from the above configuration file.

/etc/dahdi/genconf_parameters

Fine--tuning parameters for dahdi_genconf (replaces zapconf and also deprecates genzaptelconf).

[edit] Architecture

The package is composed of two sub-packages:

[edit] Kernel

Include kernel modules and minila helper files (firmwares)

[edit] Tools

The userspace tools to control DAHDI spans/channels:-

dahdi_cfg The DAHDI Configurator, which parses system.conf

dahdi_genconf Generates /etc/dahdi/system.conf, so it's better that you don't hand edit system.conf. Uses /etc/dahdi/genconf_parameters to define it's actions.

dahdi_hardware Displays listing of DAHDI hardware detected

dahdi_monitor Monitors signal level on analog channel allows you to record audio from it Usage: dahdi_monitor <channel num> -v -m -o -p -l limit -f FILE -s FILE -r FILE1 -t FILE2 -F FILE -S FILE -R FILE1 -T FILE2 example :- dahdi_monitor 1 -vv note: extremly usefull, but otherwise not mentioned, that the raw format output is 8Khz 16bit signed. Use sox to convert to a wav. sox -r 8000 -s -w rx.raw rx.wav

dahdi_scan Generates a list of things DAHDI channels, with some details

dahdi_test Measures accuracy of the FXO/FXS board software digital signal processing

dahdi_tool A nice tool to see what your boards are doing.

[edit] Sample installation

After compiling and installing of dahdi and asterisk, you have to perform some further steps to use your hardware. This example will show you a few steps how to get asterisk and Digium card enabled:

Detect your hardware

# lspci -n

You should see something like this for TDM410

00:09.0 0200: d161:8005 (rev 11)

Edit /etc/dahdi/system.conf

vi /etc/dahdi/system.conf
loadzone        = us
defaultzone     = us


Do

modprobe wctdm24xxp
dahdi_genconf

Or

modprobe wctdm24xxp
/etc/init.d/dahdi restart
dahdi_scan

Hasilnya harusnya kurang lebih

description=Wildcard TDM410P Board 1
name=WCTDM/0
manufacturer=Digium
devicetype=Wildcard TDM410P
location=PCI Bus 03 Slot 03
basechan=1
totchans=4
irq=23
type=analog
port=1,FXO
port=2,FXO
port=3,FXS
port=4,FXS


check /etc/dahdi/system.conf

vi /etc/dahdi/system.conf
fxsks=3,4
fxoks=1,2
echocanceller=mg2,1-4

save the file and run modprobe as root

modprobe wctdm24xxp
dahdi_cfg -vv
dmesg

you should see something like

[  961.484269] wctdm24xxp 0000:00:09.0: PCI INT A -> GSI 17 (level, low) -> IRQ 17
[  961.940405] Port 1: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
[  962.576453] Port 2: Installed -- AUTO FXO (FCC mode)
[  964.209579] Port 3: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
[  965.838703] Port 4: Installed -- AUTO FXS/DPO
[  965.842700] VPM100: Not Present
[  965.846981] Found a Wildcard TDM: Wildcard TDM410P (4 modules)


Do

dahdi_genconf


Edit

vi /etc/asterisk/chan_dahdi.conf 
#include /etc/asterisk/dahdi-channels.conf

See

vi /etc/asterisk/dahdi-channels.conf

You should see something like

signalling=fxs_ks
callerid=asreceived
group=0
context=from-pstn
channel => 1
callerid=
group=
context=default


signalling=fxo_ks
callerid="Channel 3" <4003>
mailbox=4003
group=5
context=from-internal
channel => 3
callerid=
mailbox=
group=
context=default

Restart asterisk


# /etc/init.d/asterisk restart

or

asterisk
  • Verify your current system status. You should get some output like this:
asterisk*CLI> dahdi show status
Description                              Alarms  IRQ    bpviol CRC4   Fra Codi Options  LBO
DAHDI_DUMMY/1 (source: HRtimer) 1        UNCONFI 0      0      0      CAS Unk  YEL      0 db (CSU)/0-133 feet (DSX-1)
Wildcard TDM410P Board 1                 OK      8      0      0      CAS Unk  YEL      0 db (CSU)/0-133 feet (DSX-1)


  • Verify your configured channels
asterisk*CLI> dahdi show channels
   Chan Extension  Context         Language   MOH Interpret        Blocked    State     
 pseudo            default                    default                         In Service
      1            from-pstn                  default                         In Service
      2            from-pstn                  default                         In Service
      3            from-internal              default                         In Service
      4            from-internal              default                         In Service

[edit] Referensi

[edit] Pranala Menarik

[edit] Latar Belakang

[edit] Untuk Pemula

[edit] Untuk Peneliti / Pencoba

[edit] Untuk Operator

[edit] Topik Lanjut

[edit] Buku Teknologi VoIP

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